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GHERLA GUIDE(ro) tourism promotion which includes data and historical landmarks, architectural, religious and cultural city and in its surroundings Gherla.

   Gherla town is located in the national road DN1C at a distance of 45 km from Cluj-Napoca and 15 km from Dej. The first document is referred to January 6, 1291 with the name Gherlahida. Throughout the town Time :1410-Gerloah bore different names (Gerlah 0.1458-Gerlah, 1578-Gherlya possesio, 1643-Gherla oppidum, 1721-Gherla otherwise Szamosújvár (Hungarian translation from the Latin name he bore since 1504 "ad Sanusium Arx nova"), 1726-Ormenyvaros-Armenopolis, 1830-Szamos-Újvárosi, Armenopolis, Armenierstadt, 1922 Gherla.

UNIQUE CHARACTER IN THE CITY ELEMENTS GHERLA

(In chronological order)

Roman fort built during the Roman emperor Trajan, between 109-110, in an area of approx. 2.7 ha, according to some historians called the "congregation" is revealed the remains brought to the surface from approx. 1km south-west of the city on the land occupied by CPL today SC Sortilemn SA, the left road leading to Cluj-Napoca. In addition he meandered a Roman road linking Porolissum Napoca. Was built by a cavalry unit with AIIP stamp, Alla Panoniorum Secunda, which was part of the defense system of strategic road Apulum (Alba Iulia) - Potaisa (Turda) -Napoca (Cluj-Napoca), Samum (Com.Caseiu-Cluj county)-Porolisum (village Moigrad-Porolisum-com.Mirisd-jud.Salaj), that protects the northern border of Dacia. Built initially in the ground, after 143 A.D. fort was rebuilt in stone in the time of Emperor Antonius Pius and have an irregular shape. Construction materials have been used for raising Citadel and later Baroque city of Armenians settled here an rich archaeological material (statues, coins, inscriptions, etc.) are kept in the Museum of Cluj-Napoca Gherla.
In 1961 it was discovered the former military camp a diploma issued on 2 July 133 the reign of Emperor Hadrian, belonging soldier son Sepenestus Cornon Rivus, reminiscent of Dacia Porolossensis as an administrative unit. was discovered in 1971 another dated 10 aug.123 degree, belonging Soldier's Glavus Navatus of Sirmius which refers to the existence of Dacia Porolissensis being remembered the name of Emperor Hadrian.

FORTRESS GHERLA (maximum security prison today) is witnessing tumultuous history of Transylvania (being known as the " Martinuzzi Citadel") and built on the ruins of an older one, after Italian architect Dominico da Bologna.
















Construction of the fortress began in the time of John Zápolya (1526-1541) was continued throughout his life by Bishop Juraj Croatia Utjesenovici Martinuzzi (Frater Georgius)'s royal tezaurarul I. Zápolya who becomes governor of Transylvania.Was completed in the time of John Sigismund (1556-1571).
In 1785 Emperor Joseph II transforms in Central Prison (Carcer Magni Principatus Transilvanae) following the mass escape from prison "Three chairs." Prison Congress of 1910 to turn it into a pre-emptive Minors and administration Horthyst converts in prison in 1940. Since 1948 the communist regime becomes heavy prison for opponents of the regime: members of political parties, workers, peasants, students, intellectuals, famous clergymen of different denominations and many of them met their death here being thrown into mass graves.

   GHERLA BAROQUE CITY was founded at the beginning of sec. the eighteenth century by some Armenians came from Moldova, under the leadership of Bishop Oxentius Varzarescu, with the Prince Michael Apafi. since 1700, over half a century built the first modern city in Transylvania and Habzburgic empire in late baroque style by architect Alexis (Alexenian) in Rome. new high city "in the manner gherleana" by historian Nicolae Sabau, had four straight and parallel streets which intersect at right angles, all opening to the river Somes, a large central square numerous monumental buildings and a park in the western English called "Elizabeth Park." Candia settlement of 1753 is near the city Gherlei district of the city.

   MONASTERY OF ST. ANTHONY OF ALCANTARA. In 1748, the new city Armenopolis, a town inhabited by richer tried to sit minoritii and around the forties, an attempt had a similar Jesuits, both orders but failed in their attempt . Serving the Catholic faithful of the city has been made since 1731 by the Franciscans observed coming from the Supreme Judge Daniel Todor Dej who has donated a 1748 teritoriu.In during P.Ponori Anaklet Guardian stone was laid the foundation of the church and contributions wealthy Armenian families ended in 1857. church was consecrated on November 5 1858.Capela Maria Loretto was built in 1760 by Bogdan Laszoffy eastern wing when he started building, completed in 1766. altar stone of St. Anton and St. Francis were made in 1761, was probably Johannes Nachtigall sculptor who made several sculptures in castle Bontida.
Shrine of Our Lady and organ were built in 1859, the shrine of St. Anna in 1867. Current towers were built in 1878. Parish Roman Catholic Latin Rite Gherla under Franciscan administration due to the small number of parishioners, was founded only in 1825 by Bishop Szepessy Ignac, until that Roman catilicii being administered Armenian Catholic parish.

CATHEDRAL ARMENIAN-HOLY TRINITY CATHOLIC

Being built between anii1748-1800 is considered by some authors as one of the largest Armenian church in Europe.
consecrated on July 17, 1804, she was gifted with a beautiful and valuable organ, made ??by craftsmen from Brasov with many valuable objects and spiritual including: relic of St. Gregory, the Illuminator, oil painting "Descent from the Cross" solid gold cross decorated with precious stones that belonged to Bishop Verzerescu.












PAINTING "DESCENT OF THE CROSS"

It is the original work of Rubens (according to some authors created in the workshops of Rubens) and housed Armenian Catholic Cathedral Gherla. century In 1806 Francis II gave painting Armenian Catholic Church Gherla, "as gratitude for significant cash contribution Armenian Gherla the state treasury, emptied during the wars against Napoleon. "








CITY PARK


Nicknamed "Little Schönbrun" English-style city park was opened in 1864 and covers about 40 hectares. Main paths are oriented in directions intercardinale compass and a real "rose of the winds". The park includes various species of native trees and exotic but among them is the two trees Ginkobiloba.

CALENDAR ORTODOX/SINAXAR


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